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Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963

Labor in Colonial Kenya after the Forced Labor Convention  1930   1963 PDF Book Details:
Author: Opolot Okia
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030176088
Size: 61.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 265
View: 1002

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Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963 PDF

by Opolot Okia, Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963 books, This book advances research into the government-forced labor used widely in colonial Kenya from 1930 to 1963 after the passage of the International Labor Organization’s Forced Labour Convention. While the 1930 Convention intended to mark the suppression of forced labor practices, various exemptions meant that many coercive labor practices continued in colonial territories. Focusing on East Africa and the Kenya Colony, this book shows how the colonial administration was able to exploit the exemption clause for communal labor, thus ensuring the mobilization of African labor for infrastructure development. As an exemption, communal labor was not defined as forced labor but instead justified as a continuation of traditional African and community labor practices. Despite this ideological justification, the book shows that communal labor was indeed an intensification of coercive labor practices and one that penalized Africans for non-compliance with fines or imprisonment. The use of forced labor before and after the passage of the Convention is examined, with a focus on its use during World War II as well as in efforts to combat soil erosion in the rural African reserve areas in Kenya. The exploitation of female labor, the Mau Mau war of the 1950s, civilian protests, and the regeneration of communal labor as harambee after independence are also discussed.


Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya

Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya PDF Book Details:
Author: O. Okia
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230392962
Size: 59.61 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 1648

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Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya PDF

by O. Okia, Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya books, This project examines the development of forced labor in colonial Kenya from 1912 to 1930 and the parallel normalization of communal forced labor during this time period. The colonial reinvention of traditional unpaid labor was, as the noted historian of Kenya, Robert Maxon, has stated, 'based upon a completely fallacious view of the traditional history of Kenya's people.' Even among certain ethnic groups with a nebulous tradition of communal or collective labor, the labor requirements under communal labor were frequently distorted to the point were coerced labor no longer resembled its community based origins. State manipulation of these communal obligations was, in fact, part of a more general phenomenon in Africa. Europeans in Africa made use of invented tradition to both co-opt and ideologically solidify certain Africans into positions of leadership, like chiefs, and to also redefine relationships between Europeans and Africans. Seen by the state as merely an extension of tribal duties and resurrected as another phantom of customary law, communal labor was not actually exploitation but a form of relearning. In the case of communal labor, the British in Kenya used the Native Authority Ordinance to 'invent' traditional powers that galvanized the authority of chiefs to call out the labor. Conversely, chiefs also took advantage of these 'traditional' mandates to enhance their own status.


The World Of Child Labor

The World of Child Labor PDF Book Details:
Author: Hugh D Hindman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317453859
Size: 77.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 1033
View: 274

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The World Of Child Labor PDF

by Hugh D Hindman, The World Of Child Labor Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The World Of Child Labor books, "The World of Child Labor" details both the current and historical state of child labor in each region of the world, focusing on its causes, consequences, and cures. Child labor remains a problem of immense social and economic proportions throughout the developing world, and there is a global movement underway to do away with it. Volume editor Hugh D. Hindman has assembled an international team of leading child labor scholars, researchers, policy-makers, and activists to provide a comprehensive reference with over 220 essays. This volume first provides a current global snapshot with overview essays on the dimensions of the problem and those institutions and organizations combating child labor. Thereafter the organization of the work is regional, covering developed, developing, and less developed regions of the world.The reference goes around the globe to document the contemporary and historical state of child labor within each major region (Africa, Latin and South America, North America, Europe, Middle East, Asia, and Oceania) including country-level accounts for nearly half of the world's nations. Country-level essays for more developed nations include historical material in addition to current issues in child labor. All country-level essays address specific facets of child labor problems, such as industries and occupations in which children commonly work, the national child welfare policy, occupational safety regulations, educational system, and laws, and often highlight significant initiatives against child labor.Current statistical data accompany most country-level essays that include ratifications to UN and ILO conventions, the Human Development Index, human capital indicators, economic indicators, and national child labor surveys conducted by the Statistical Information and Monitoring Program on Child Labor. "The World of Child Labor" is designed to be a self-contained, comprehensive reference for high school, college, and professional researchers. Maps, photos, figures, tables, references, and index are included.


Seeing Like A Citizen

Seeing Like a Citizen PDF Book Details:
Author: Kara Moskowitz
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821446894
Size: 48.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 362

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Seeing Like A Citizen PDF

by Kara Moskowitz, Seeing Like A Citizen Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Seeing Like A Citizen books, In Seeing Like a Citizen, Kara Moskowitz approaches Kenya’s late colonial and early postcolonial eras as a single period of political, economic, and social transition. In focusing on rural Kenyans—the vast majority of the populace and the main targets of development interventions—as they actively sought access to aid, she offers new insights into the texture of political life in decolonizing Kenya and the early postcolonial world. Using multi-sited archival sources and oral histories focused on the western Rift Valley, Seeing Like a Citizen makes three fundamental contributions to our understanding of African and Kenyan history. First, it challenges the widely accepted idea of the gatekeeper state, revealing that state control remained limited and that the postcolonial state was an internally varied and often dissonant institution. Second, it transforms our understanding of postcolonial citizenship, showing that its balance of rights and duties was neither claimed nor imposed, but negotiated and differentiated. Third, it reorients Kenyan historiography away from central Kenya and elite postcolonial politics. The result is a powerful investigation of experiences of independence, of the meaning and form of development, and of how global political practices were composed and recomposed on the ground in local settings.


The Encyclopedia Americana

The Encyclopedia Americana PDF Book Details:
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 75.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Languages : en
Pages :
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The Encyclopedia Americana PDF

by , The Encyclopedia Americana Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Encyclopedia Americana books,


The New Encyclopaedia Britannica Macropaedia Knowledge In Depth 19 V

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica  Macropaedia  knowledge in depth  19 v PDF Book Details:
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 57.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Languages : en
Pages :
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The New Encyclopaedia Britannica Macropaedia Knowledge In Depth 19 V PDF

by , The New Encyclopaedia Britannica Macropaedia Knowledge In Depth 19 V Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The New Encyclopaedia Britannica Macropaedia Knowledge In Depth 19 V books,


Literature Of Developing Nations For Students

Literature of Developing Nations for Students PDF Book Details:
Author: Elizabeth Bellalouna
Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning
ISBN:
Size: 39.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 1186
View: 4210

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Literature Of Developing Nations For Students PDF

by Elizabeth Bellalouna, Literature Of Developing Nations For Students Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Literature Of Developing Nations For Students books, Includes summaries and critical commentaries of works by authors living in the developing nations of Latin America, Asia, Africa, India, and the Caribbean; and describes each author's background and cultural and social surroundings.


Literature Of Developing Nations For Students L Z

Literature of Developing Nations for Students  L Z PDF Book Details:
Author: Elizabeth Bellalouna
Publisher: Gale Cengage
ISBN: 9780787649302
Size: 64.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Developing countries
Languages : en
Pages : 606
View: 427

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Literature Of Developing Nations For Students L Z PDF

by Elizabeth Bellalouna, Literature Of Developing Nations For Students L Z Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Literature Of Developing Nations For Students L Z books, Contains alphabetically arranged entries that examine over fifty works of literature from developing nations, each with an introduction to the work and its author, a plot summary, descriptions of important characters, analysis of important themes, a critical overview, and other information.


The Universal Almanac 1997

The Universal Almanac 1997 PDF Book Details:
Author: John W. Wright
Publisher: Andrews McMeel Pub
ISBN: 9780836221879
Size: 78.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Almanacs
Languages : en
Pages : 764
View: 7318

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The Universal Almanac 1997 PDF

by John W. Wright, The Universal Almanac 1997 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Universal Almanac 1997 books, Provides the answers to a wealth of questions while including up-to-the-minute facts on such issues as the 1996 presidential and legislative elections, the Olympics, and the World Series. Simultaneous.